The research – from the University of York’s Law School – also found that a factor driving people to comply with the lockdown was a strong sense of owing an obligation to NHS workers (78%) – which rated above the obligation to their families at 76%.

The pandemic and ensuing lockdown has left around one fifth of people experiencing a significant problem around mental health,loneliness and about money.

The study – funded by the Nuffield Foundation – was compiled from a representative national survey of 1,700 people to better understand public attitudes to the lockdown. The report is the preliminary findings of an 18-month research project to understand more about how people understand the rules, if they see themselves as compliant, what drives compliance, and how the rules relate to ordinary perceptions of rights.

Other key findings included that approximately half indicated they will find it harder to comply should the lockdown rules become stricter.

While most respondents are following the lockdown rules, a sizeable proportion of them reported failing to observe strict compliance with a third of respondents having broken or ‘bent’ a restriction at least once during the 7-day period preceding the survey.

Most people saw the lockdown as violating various ‘rights’ but felt that the violation was acceptable in the circumstances of the current pandemic.

Report author, Dr Joe Tomlinson from York Law School said: “An examination of how the public understand and experience the lockdown, and the significance of these perceptions for compliance, is essential to developing a clear picture of how the lockdown restrictions are working. Understanding the role of law in society, and not only in strict ‘legal’ terms, has rarely been so important.

“Our initial findings suggest that people think they know the rules and are generally willing to comply. They view the interference with their sense of ‘rights’ as broadly justified and, though it might prove difficult, would try to continue to comply with future restrictions, should they be extended or tightened further. However, there is a striking lack of agreement on what is understood as permitted in relation to particular activities. Many also report breaking or bending the rules.”


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